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Full text of "Proceedings of the Canadian Institute of Homoeopathy, at the first annual meeting, held in London, September 20, 1865 : with constitution and by-laws of the association, &c., &c., &c"

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SEPTEMBER 20, 1865. 


&C., ' &«5., &C. 






Art. 1. — This Association shall be kno\\'n as the Ca-xahian ijs,->ti- 


Art. 2. — The object of this Institute shall be the intellectual 
iinprovcment of its members and the advancement of the cause of 
Homoeopathic medicine in Canada. 

Art. 3. — This Association shall be composed of the Homoeopathic 
Physicians ■who were present at the organizing convention, and any 
physician practicing Homoeopathy in Canada, may be elected to mem- 
bership, if he be in possession of a diploma from any incorporated school 
of medicine, or, is a Licentiate of the Canadian Homoeopathic Board. 

x\rt. 4. — The officers of this Institute shall consist of a President 
Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer, who shall be elected annu- 

Art. 5. — At each annual session, there shall be appointed, by the 
President, a Committee on credentials, to consist of three members, 
who shall act for one year, and until successors are appointed. 

x\rt. G. — This Constitution may be altered or amended, at any 
regular meeting, by a vote of two-thirds of all the members present, 
provided that notice shall have been given at a previous annual meet- 
ing of the Institute, of such amendment. 

[ .S'cc 2d page of cover. 


In response to a call pursuant to a resolution passed at the 
January meeting of the homoeopathic practitioners of Canada West in 
1863, the following named gentlemen met at the Masonic Hull, in 
London, Sept. 2D, 1835, to organize an Association, through which the 
combined efforts of the profession niaj be directed to the aJvance- 
menfc of the cause of homoeopathic medicine in Canada: 

William Springer, M. D., Ingersoll ; G. C. Field, M. D., 
Woodstock ; J. J. Lancaster, M. D., London ; E. Vernon, M. D., 
Hamilton; F. G. Caulton, M. D., Guelph ; C. T. Campbell, M. 
D., Strath roy ; L. F. Crawford, M. D., Hamilton; 1{. J. P. 
Morden, M. D., London ; A. H. Thompson, M. D., St. Thomas ; 
H. C. Allen, M. D., Brantford ; A. T. Bull, M. D., Buffalo ; T. 
P. Wilson, M. D., Cleveland, and E. A. Lodge, M. D., Detroit, 
besides several students, and numerous friends of the cause. 

On motion, Dr. Field was appointed temporary Chairman, and Dr. 
Allen temporary Secretary ; and a committee consisting of Drs. A'er- 
non, Lancaster, Springer, Crawford and Allen, appointed to report a 
permanent organization. 

The committee reported a Constitution and By-Laws, with the 
following officers : 

G. C. Field, M. D., President ; J. J. Lancaster, M. D., Vice Pres- 
ident; H. C Allen, M. D., Secretary and Treasurer, which wa3 
unanimously adopted. 

Dr. Springer moved, seconded, by Dr. Caulton, that Drs. Morden, 
Vernon and Crawford, be committee on credentials. Carried. 

Moved by Dr. Morden, seconded by Dr. Springer, that the fee for 
membership be one dollar, and the annual fee the same. Carried. 

On motion by Dr. Springer, seconded by Dr. Crawford, Prof. T. 
P. Wilson, of Cleveland, Dr. E. A. Lodge, of Detroit, and Dr. A. T. 
Bull, of Buffalo, were elected h:)norary members, and invited to par- 
ticijiato in the proceedings. 

A letter was read fi-om Dr. E. H. Drake, of Detroit, regretting 
his inability to attend the convention, but admonishing the members, 
that as " the welfare of the race was involved in the success of hom- 
oeopathy," they should be zealous in maintaining the honor of the 

The President then called upon Dr. Lodge to address the Conven 
tion, which he did, iu substance, as follows : 

I am pleased to meet the horaoeopatliic physicians of Canada on 
the present occasion. The objects of your Association are of interest 
to us all. We think it will be found that these organizations perform 
services to the whole fraternity, that could not be rendered by indi- 
vidual effort, 

I present a word of friendly greeting from the Michigan Horn- 
(Bopathic Institute. We desire to cultivate your friendship, and will 
send delegates to your meetings. We hope that you will reciprocate. 
We shall always warmly welcome your representatives, and cordially 
invite them to participate in our deliberations. 

We hail with emotions of gratitude, every ciFort that is made to 
extend the knowledge of our system of practice, and to improve the 
present standing of the profession. To advance our art we are 
devoting some little attention in Michigan. Of my own efforts it 
does not become me to speak, and I will merely state the fact, that 
our Magizine, " The American Homccopathic Observer" is the only 
Medical Journal now published in the State of Michigan. Some 
years ago, our Legislature appointed a chair of homoeopathy in the 
State University. By the culpable neglect of the Eoard of Regents, 
this chair yet remains vacant. The people expressed their desire to 
have homoeopathy placed on a footing of equality with allopathy, and 
this is right. Under our government no system can properly claim 
exclusive patronage or support. The allopaths cannot demand that 
their students shall be educated at the expense of the State, but ours 
must go out of the State to be taught. We do not intend that this 
injustice shall be perpetuated if we can avoid it. 

When I went to 5lichigan seven years ago, there were one hun- 
dred homoeopathic physicians in the State. Now we have over two 
hundred, and many very desirable locations unoccupied. Our cause 
may not have been as rapid here as in some other places, but the 
advance has been steady. We have had no permanent repulse. Our 
whole line has been strengthened, and we are prepared to resist every 

An unmistakable evidence of true progress, is found in the in- 
crease of our literature. Notwithstanding the doubling of the cost 
of production, new books and new magazines succeed each other with 
rapidity. A laudable degree of emulation has been aroused, and 
good will doubtless result. 

Additional provings of our indigineous plants are being made. The 
first book edited by Dr. Hale was merely the pioneer in this direction; 
more complete works will follow. 

Our Colleges advance the requirements preliminary to graduation. 
A host of talented young men are studying in offices of our physicians. 
The classes of the coming winter in our Collegatc Institutions will 
doubtless be larger than ever before. A mere glance at what has been 
already accomplished, and what is now doing, must encourage each 
one of us to work with still greater fidelity for the universal establish- 
ment of our beneficent art of healing. 

After some discussion and remarks on the above, Prof. Wilson, on 
being called, said : 

Gentlemen of the homoiopathic fraternity of Canada:— It !.■, 
with unfeigned pleasure I meet you on this occasion, and extend to 
you the cordial greeting of my medical brethren of the States, and 
receive from you, for them, the warm and unmistakably genuine sym- 
pathies you give in return. 

Annexation I know is a vexed question with you, on which a 
multitude of words and small oceans of ink have been used ; and 
heaven forbid I should add aught to their number. ]Jut standing 
here, I realize that in spite of all opposition, the course of events is 
irresistably solving the problem for us. For the two great nations, 
lying one on either side of the great chain of lakes, like counter tide.s 
in their flow, are surely and swiftly rushing into each other's arms. 
The great treaty of reciprocity under which we have been so pleas- 
antly and profitably living, has long been the ensign for our commer~ 
dal annexation. And when that treaty shall be broken, as we know 
it soon must, its fractured links will be gathered up, and welded into 
a new and stronger chain, which shall be a new and stronger bond of 
union between the Canadian provinces on the north, and the United 
States on the south. 

Eut whether we shall ever become one politically or not, I know 
not ; or whether you desire it or not, I know not, and I care not to 
stop now and inquire, but I shall ever count this as one of the proud- 
est days of my life, that I have been privileged to stand here, and aid 
in the formal inauguration of this second element of our union. For 
we are henceforth, in a medical sense, no longer two people, but one. 
For our common f;'ith in the great law of our school of reform, shows 
a community of interests and ideas, binding us together with more 
potent cords, than any edicts that ever issued from thrones or senate.s. 
I know of no topic so engrossing the public mind, as the one T 
have just referred too, namely : the relation existing between the 
Canadian Provinces and the United States. And though to some its 
discussion here may seem somewhat out of place, I shall venture to 
still farther refer to it, though not in tiie same light as it has been 
quite recently and ably discussed, in the recent great International 
Commercial Convention, whose proceedings have filled all our weekly 
and daily papers. 

In a medical and surgical view of the case, it seems to me, that 
the union of these two nations, such as it is, and such as it is to be, 
is not the result of " union by first intention." The first intention 
seems to have been, to build up on this broad and beautiful domain 
of the north, a French colony, subject to the French crown. And for 
a number of years the growth and development of the country result- 
ed in the formation of a peculiar structure, which I think we may 
term French tissue. And though I have not been privileged to see 
much of this, your French anatomical structure, still I have reason to 
believe it a useful and durable portion of your body politic. But 
history informs us, that subsequently a new formative force was 
brought into play, which exceeded, and in some degree, paralyzed the 
primitive force, and, bringing in alcng the arteries of the world's 
great highways, a large amount of plastic material, built up another 

sort of structure, a little rougher, tougher and more enduring, which 
I think we may term English tissue. 

It is characteristic of morbid structured, that they are prone to 
absorb and displace surrounding structures. And since this English 
growth, instead of absorbing and displacing the primitive growth, 
sought new and adjacent fields for development, I conclude that it 
may be set down as perfectly normal. And though there are essential 
differences of character between you, yet there are no anatomical or 
physiological reasons why you should not form a strong and harmoni- 
ous whole. 

Blest as you are with the richest of nature's gifts, with a magni- 
ficent forest, holding its full hands over a rich and fertile soil, be- 
neath whose fair surface are bowels pregnant with untold wealth, the 
" second intention ". seems to have been, to make here a rich and 
powerful nation, self-supporting and independent, save a quasi depend- 
ence on the English crown. But as contiguous, and often even remote 
parts on the same body, are in lively sympathy one with the other, so 
these northern provinces, standing on the same continent with the 
United States, have not failed, in spite of themselves, to be powerfully 
affected in all their relations, especially in their commercial and polit- 
ical interests, by the latter nation. And though at times a repellant 
influence has manifested itself, yet the natural course of events has 
been, to draw these two nations together into kindlier, closer and 
more permanent fellowship. And although neither of us shall lose 
our identity, neither absorbing or being absorbed, yet we may hope- 
fully trust that we may continue to be linked together by tics that 
shall blend us into one great living form, which to antagonize or dis- 
integrate in any of its parts, would be to destroy. 

The recent state of ill health suffered by us across the water, has 
undoubtedly awakened in your hearts the liveliest sympathy. We 
have indeed been sick unto death, but I presume you have heard of 
our miraculous recovery. The disease which for four long years has 
fired our blood and brain, has, thank God, at last reached a favorable 
crisis, and we arc convalescent. In some of our delirious moments 
we may have talked madly. You may have heard us uttering words 
of scorn, andthreatenings against you as well as others of our friends; 
but now, clothed in our right minds, we can never have other than 
words of good will for all who have stood so nobly by us in the hour 
of our sorest need. Like the prairie swept by fire, and like the field 
torn by the plow, we are springing up into a large and richer harvest 
of new and better fruits. 

At one time during our sickness, dangerous and fatal sloughing 
seemed most imminent. Our whole southern border threatened gan- 
grene, but the timely application of potent remedies, has brought 
about a favorable resolution. And as we have in no instance been 
obliged to appeal abroad for help, but have cured the malady by our 
inherent resistence of its effects, we may set the affair down as due 
simply to the vis medicatrix naturce. There were very many famous 
consultations held over our case, during our darkest hour ; but the 
doctors in law who proffered their advice, and made sundry and divers 

prescriptions, did so voluntarily, and I'm afraid they were very poorly 
paid for their services. 

Still, on our recovery, we find a pretty heavy doctor's bill to pay. 
But since we owe it principally to ourselves, it cannot matter much 
to our neighbors whether we pay it or repudiate it. But I dare to 
say, that before repudiation shall be written over our doors, the dis- 
enthralled millions of negroes, whose parchment of freedom bears the 
signature of the lamented and immortalized Abraham Lincoln, would, 
through their own thrift and sense of justice, pay every dollar of the 
debt. And you, gentlemen, holders of American bonds, may rest 
assured that you have the security of their payment, both in hlach and 

During the last four years, our school of medicine has labored 
under unusual disadvantages, owing to the fact that the sanitary and 
medical departments of our army and navy, have been wholly in the 
hands of a class of monopolizing and bigoted medical iy,en, who knew 
no right of homoeopathists that any allopathist was bound to respect. 
Still, we have grown marvellously, and the close of the war has given 
us such an impetus forward in the path of progress, that you will 
need, gentlemen, to look well to your laurels. But I have most un- 
bounded confidence in your intelligence and success. I think, in 
looking round upon this body of honorable medical men, that I can 
say to my medical brethren of the States, that the cause of honiojo- 
pathie medicine in Canada is in safe and reliable hands. May the 
spirit of our great master Hahnemann descend upon you, as did El'rah's 
mantle upon Elisha, and under its inspiration may your labors for 
truth be crowned with abundant success. 

After some further remarks by different members, the President 
called upon Dr. Allen, who read the following article on the impcr 
tance of cultivating a domestic practice in our different fields of 
labor : 


Bishop Berkely says : " Effects misimputed, cases Avrongly tojd, 
circumstances overlooked, perhaps, too, prejudices and partialities 
a^rainst truth, may, for a time, prevail and keep her at the bottom of 
the well, whence, nevertheless, she emergeth sooner or later, and 
strikes the eyes of all who do not keep them shut." , , . , 

How true the aphorism, when applied to the gradual adoption by 
the public of the new system of medicine, and equally true, I opine, 
as recrards the introduction of family homoeopathy. And here arises 
the long disputed point by many members of the profession— shall 
we cultivate a domestic practice, or follow in the footsteps of our allo- 
pathic predecessors for the last three thousand years ? Our prede- 
cessors have been conservative to a fault. Shall we follow then 
example, or boldly strike out a new path for ourselves . Every 
attempt to popularize domestic homoeopathic practice or enligbtcn 
the intelligent public in regard to the simplest truths and primary 
principles of medicine, has met at the hands of the profession a fierce 
and most determined opposition. It is evident that such a course of 


conduct originates, not so luucli in the interest and advancement of 
homoeopathy, as in the speculation and personal aggrandizement of its 
professed friends. No wonder that our beloved science should, in her 
hour of need, be compelled to cry out, " Lord, deliver me from my 
friends." To introduce domestic homoeopathy, is by some of our 
practitioners considered as little else thau a crime of the first mag- 

But this should not be I It is true that almost all our examples 
and pre-conceived opinions are opposed to such a course. The Old 
School for centuries has sedulously endeavored (with a few honorable 
exceptions) to keep the people in as complete ignorance as possible 
of the simplest medical truths. And the ignorance of the masses 
to-day, in all that pertains to the laws of health and prevention of 
diseaee, tells but too plainly how completely they have succeeded, 
if the literal rendering o.^ the word " Doctor " signified in the past, 
or even in modern times, what it does at present, this should Lave 
been very different. IIow often, very often, to the earnest inquiries 
of anxious friends as to the probable cause, course and termination of 
even the most common-place ailment, do we hear the answer, couched 
in such high sounding and strictly medical technicalities, that after a 
lengthy explanation by the Doctor, in which all the minutia of the 
case is entered into in Greek and Latin, the relief is apparent wheii 
the discourse is finished, although they may not have comprehended a 
single sentence. And it is to this spirit of intolerance everywhere 
manifested by the profession, to the acquisition of knowledge without 
its pale, but pertaining to its practice, that we trace the first advent 
of that bane and disgrace and curse of every school-— fjuacks and 
i/uackerij. It is the same spirit which forced Martin Luther and the 
Scotch Covenanters to take the first steps in the great religious refor- 
mations which they iunugurated, and which finally ended in breaking 
the iron rule of despotism which had previously held the religious 
world. It is a part and parcel of the same blind prejudice against 
which Hahnemann and Harvey and Jenner had to contend, and which 
is so painfully manifested in the profession at the present day. 
Neither sound policy nor good sense is shown in such proceedings, 
which in the end is sure to recoil on the perpetrators of the act, and 
hasten the event they sought to ward off. I believe homoeopathy to 
be the greatest blessing ever vouchsafed to man by an All-Wise and 
Beneficent Creator, (the christian religion alone excepted). Hence, 
I believe it to be the duty of its advocates pecuniarily, commercially, 
morally and religiously, to disseminate its doctrines in every appro- 
priate and justifiable manner. I contend that we should so place our 
lamps that they may become beacon lights, illuminating the pathway 
of the searchers after truth, diffusing from the centre of the circle of 
our influence its divine rays, which are to benefit mankind, and be a 
blessing to future ages. My reasons for the belief that is in me are 
the following, and although they may differ from those held by my 
a<»ed and more experienced colleagues in the practice of homoeopathy, 
I beg your indulgence for their freedom of expression, with this my 
only plea. They arc my honest convictions, and spoken in a spirit 

whose only aim is an iiivestigatiou into their merits, with the view of 
advancing the cause we love so well. 

I. I believe it right, hence I am in duty hound to advocate its 
i?itrod action. 

In obtaining the degrees which license us to practice medicine, 
the relief of suifering humanity is not our only aim and object. We 
have an ulterior one in view, praisworthy so long as kept within proper 
bounds. In the majority of cases the leading, all-absorbing and pri- 
mary inducement to entering the medical profession, viz.: The obtain- 
ing of the wherewithal to work our way through life. Any subject 
bearing directly upon the coinjnissary department of our professional 
labors, should receive a careful consideration from every member 
interested. Its primary action is upon the pocket, its secondary is 
somewhat more constitutional. When a professional man cannot earn 
his daily bread by his best directed efforts, the humanitarian and 
philanthropic motives which induced him to enter its fields, become 
to a very great extent a nullity. Hence, I contend that the proper 
and judicious introduction of " domestic practice," will increase the 
extent of our field of labor. If there be any province or department 
in which our beautiful system excels every other extant, it is its ex- 
treme simplicity of administration. So harmlessly and effectively 
adapted to ameliorate the sufferings of mankind, in a quiet, easy and 
apparently unconscious manner — a far different statement than can 
bo made for any other system of medicine-clearly proving that it is 
the only one adapted for universal family use. We are not only med- 
ical men in the usual acceptation of that term, but something more. 
We are the exponents of a new system of medical practice, destined 
to supercede and gradually absorb all others in existence. Our duty 
is not only to earn a livelihood by our profession, but to disseminate 
throughout the length and breadth of the land, for the benefit of our 
fellow men, the principles of homoeopathy. In order to successfully 
accomplish this great desideratum, to establish homoeopathy firmly in 
the opinions of the more intelligent classes, and contribute our quota 
to the advancement and future destiny of our beloved science, obsta- 
cles will have to be met and conquered, and sacrifices made, which 
few but those who really love our cause are ever^ capable of making. 
If it is right for me to practice homoeopathy, it is my bounden duty 
to propagate its principles, and further its advancement in every hon- 
orable manner. In the practical application of homoeopathy— its 
introduction into the families of my patrons — I expect to meet with 
opposition ; and the present object of this paper is to have the subject 
discussed by medical men, so that the most violent and effective 
opposition will be surmounted, by inducing my brother practitioners 
to shoulder a part of the responsibility, by undertaking its introduc- 
tion. That powerful objection so frequently urged, that Dr. A. and 
Dr. B. do not approve of the practice, that they say it does more 
harm than good, that wherever it has been introduced it is now wholly 
abandoned as totally inadequate to meet the demands of the public, 
is an argument hard to combat. Our allopathic brethren condemn it 
altogether, as " trifling with life ;" but that is nothing more than they 


do with our practice in every particular, wherever and whenever thoj 
have an opportunity. Every member of this Institute will agree 
with me in this assertion, that it is more safe and effective by fur than 
Calomel and Jalap, Castor oil and Blue pill, Rhubarb and 3Iagnesia 
with blisterings and vomitings, and endless purgation. These are 
the only alternatives to choose, homoeopathic domestic practice, and 
allopathic domestic empiricism. 

The people must have something in cases of emergency, especially 
where they reside at some distance fro.ii, and are unable to summon 
the homoeopathic physician of their choice at a moment's warning. 
And better, far better, trust to a domestic homoeopath, than an allo- 
pathic " regular." 

Again, for every simple disease, as a common cold or a slight 
diarrhoea, the mnjority of people do not wish to apply to a physician, 
and either trust to the curative powers of nature, or appeal to some 
one of the thousand quack remedies, so profusely advertised through- 
out the length and breadth of the land. 

II. It is to my interest, the interest of my imtrons, the i?iterest of 
homoeopathy, to cultivate a domestic practice. 

This statement may take some by surprise, and to all seem some- 
what paradoxical ; but it is nevei'thelcss true. During the Cholera 
epidemic, which devastated so many American cities in 1847, Cincin- 
nati was visited, and here homoeopathy obtained one of the most signal 
victories recorded in the annals of this great reform. And it was 
mainly due to the skillful management of domestic practice by Drs. 
Pulte and Ehrmann, that the success was achieved. Every homoeo- 
pathic family was provided with a few remedies, and complete direc- 
tions for use in the earliest stages of the disease given, until the 
physician could be called. In this manner several hundred cases 
were treated, with a list of mortality much smaller than was ever 
before known. And I am convinced that Cholera is not the only 
disease in which it may successfully be used. I have given the sub- 
ject a great deal of thought, and am satisfied that it is looked upon in a 
false light by many members of the profession. The chief objectors 
are those who care very little for the profession, except to make 
iBonoj out of it, and their chief objections arise from the mistaken 
views they entertain in regard to this particular point, that in a 
pecuniary point of view there is eventually more money to be made 
by the proper and judicious propagation of our system, than in the 
withholding of everything pertaining to it from the people. The 
ignorant and unintelligent are not usually the first to adopt homoeopa- 
thy ; nor do they ever become the firmest advocates of its principles. 
They are not always ready to settle their bills without disputation, 
or a very large reduction from the regular charges. They never 
adopt homoeopathy from principle, and seldom support it any longer 
than the practice is successful in every particular. To me, it is not 
very satisfactory to attend this class of pati«nts,and the compensation 
I have received has nev3r been very large, I prefer to follow my 
vocation among the intelligent, who have enough natural shrewdness 
to discover that your only object in practicing medicine is pecuniary 

gain, and who very often, and sometimes very justly, conclude that 
''pro bono publico'' never entered the list, and patronize you accord- 
ingly. I contend that we are not only physicians in the strictest 
moral acceptation of that terra, but philanthropists and pioneers of a 
great and glorious reform, destined in a few years, if properly nianaf^ed, 
to monopolize the mjijority of all that is worth monopolizing in every 
intelligent community. 

We must labor for the advancement and future destiny of our 
cause, and in that manner secure in the end our just reward and true 
compensation. No man in the history of any reform ever withstood 
greater obloquy, abuse and persecutions from his professional brethren, 
than did our illustrious founder ; and seldom have any met with a 
greater or more enduring monument. If homoeopathy was ever in- 
tended to benefit the people, its propagation ought, and must nccces- 
sarily, devolve upon the members of the profession. The people 
must know of and about it, in order to believe in and adopt it. Hence, 
it is the personal interest of every practitioner to encourage domestic 
practice. That we will never receive any assistenee from our 
allopatliic brethren in educating the masses, is a foregone conclusion, 
(as their system flourishes best in ignorance,) therefore, if the work is 
to be done, tve must do it ourselves. I am aware that in the attempt 
we will meet with every species of opposition, even in our own ranks ; 
that views as opposite as the poles are asumod, are maintained, and 
advocated by our memliers. In proof of this assertion I would refer 
my medical friends to Dr. Pomeroy's article in the N. A. Journal, Vol. 
7, No. 25, as a " specimen brick " of the present generation, or to the 
remarkable sentence left on record by the celebrated French surgeon 
Ambrose Pare, regarding the future destiny of medicine. '• God is 
my witness, and all good men know, that I have now labored fifty 
years with all care and pains, in the illustration and amplification of 
my art, and that I have so certainly touched the mark wherat I aimed, 
that antiquity may seem to have nothing wherein it may exceed us, 
beside the glory of invention, nor posterity anything left but a certain 
small hope to add some things, as it is easy to add to former inven- 
tions." Although nearly three centuries have elapsed since the above 
was written, although homoeopathy has been discovered, put in 
practice and adopted by thousands of intelligent persons in every 
land, notwithstanding the flood of light it has shed over the hitherto 
dark and benighted pathway of medical lore, there are some among 
us at the present day, who would, if they could, almost prevent ^the 
further dissemination of its principles among the people, apparently 
from motives not altogether praiseworthy. They would confine med- 
ical knowledge wholly to the profession, make it, if possible, more 
strictly professional than their allopathic brethren endeavored to make 
" old phvsic," when they nearly killed it outright through mistaken 
kindness. * * ^ * 

III. It forms a nucleus round ichich the family influence ts extended 
as around a common centre. -i w 

In this world we all exert an influence for good or evil. N\ e 
cannot become members of society without receiving from it certain 


impressions, for which we should make some adequate returD. And 
what is true as regards society in general, is equally true in the med- 
ical province, where every believer or convert to our principles 
becomes an advocate and laborer for the dissemination of the same, 
throughout the circles of his influence. The more you educate such 
an advocate, the better prepared is he to do battle in our behalf, to 
meet and combat the various forms of objections offered by his oppo- 
nents, to set forth the comparative merits of homoeopathy, side by 
side with every other system, which he can do with a far better arace 
than yourself, as he is not suspected of being pecuniarly interested, 
but laboring for the good of his friend. A few such assistants is of 
incalculable benefit to every young man just entering upon the prac- 
tical department of his profession, and will never injure any, no matter 
how well he may be established. 

The field is already occupied by a learned, powerful and jealous 
profession. All the posts of emolument and power arc at present in 
their possession, and they appear but too willing to defend them; and 
as the pioneers of a new medical doctrine, we have a dut}' to perform 
to ourselves, to posterity, to humanity and to science, in the propaga- 
tion of our beloved homoeopathy. I contend that the most vulnerable 
point of our adversaries is in the families of the intelligent, and the 
best method of enlisting them in our ranks on the side of right and 
justice, is to encourage them in a domestic practice. All the great 
and liberal minds, whose names appear on the historic page of medi- 
cine, the best practitioners the " Old School " have ever given to the 
world, have sedulously labored to popularize their art. The renegade 
Peters has spoken and written to the extent of his abilities against the 
popular practice, but his writings and teachings are in such striking 
contrast with his practice, that every medical man may place as much 
reliance on their soundness as the opinions merit, for he has reaped 
the reward of Ids labors. And whether we, as homoeopatlis, oppose it 
or assist it with our best directed efforts, it is destined, sooner or 
later, to become a part and parcel of almost every household who 
believe in and practice the truth of similia. 

And finally, it is a rule in military tactics, that a conquered posi- 
tion should always be fortified, before the returning countercharge 
compels evacuation. It is of little service to us to make a convert of 
any man unless we make a permanent one. If a man adopt homoeo- 
pathy from a conscientious belief in its superiority to combat disease, 
he should be able to meet his adversary upon his own ground, and 
wiJh arguments suflSciently convincing to carry off the victory. A 
man thus armed with the invincible logic of truth, is worth a small 
army of lukewarm supporters. We should instruct such men, and 
teach them the " law of similia," until they in turn are able to become 
its expounders and advocates. Guide their footsteps in the path until 
they are able to walk alone. They cannot know too much of homoeo- 
pathy. We should endeavor to popularize our art, and propagate 
homoeopathy by principle, and not by the temporary success of its 
practice alone One man, capable of advocating our cause from this 
higher stand-point, capable of explaining the ''modus opera7idi^^ o^ 


our remedies in treating disease, and convincing its opponents of the 
truth of our therapeutics, is truly an assistant. " We should endeavor 
to unmask our profession of all those things which resemble quackery, 
mystery and imposition, and place medical knowledge before the pub- 
lic in a light so simple and easily understood, that every student in 
our Universities should be compelled to acquire it as a part of his 
Academic course. If our system be true, it is essential to the welfare 
of mankind, and there are very few so utterly devoid of understandino- 
that cannot be made to comprehend its primary principles. The law 
does not hold a man guiltless who pleads ignorance of the same, but 
goes on the presumption that every man has a knowledge of the minutia 
as well as its general principles. And I would ask, Why not in 
medicine also ? ** *****# 

Several calls were made for an address from the President, but 
owing to the lateness of the hour, it was deferred until the evcninfr 
session, and a motion was carried to adjourn. 


The Institute met at 7:30 p. m., at which time the following 
paper was read by Dr. Field : 


Gentlemen : — It is presumed that no one will call in question the 
imperative necessity that exists for raising as high as possible the 
standard of medical education in Canada. Many considerations con- 
spire to render a superior education of the Homoeopathic section of 
the medical profession most desirable. It is necessary, in the first 
place to relieve ourselves from the charge of ignorance, which has 
been preferred against us by our professional brethren of the antiqua- 
rian school ; which charges, though unjust in the main, still, it must 
be confessed that, in some instances, perhaps, there was too much 
ground for the imputation. Arising mostly, I believe, from over zeal- 
ousness, or from that " zeal without knowledge " which characterized 
some of the earlier physicians, in their efforts and anxiety to extend 
the principles and practice of our beneficent system ; who were appa- 
rently oblivious of the fact, that incompetent persons, wherever found, 
in whatever walk of life, but particularly in the practice of medicine, 
and more especially in promulgating new principles, in the advocacy 
of a new theory, could only constitute an element of weakness rather 
than of strength. No one would claim for a moment that forcing into 
service, as soldiers, men whose arms were too weak to draw the sword 
from its scabbard, or to whose imperfect vision objects were rendered 
uncertain and indistinct, compelling them to fire at random,_and there- 
by endangering the lives of their friends as much as their enemies, 
could possibly add anything to the strength or effectiveness of an 

The attitude of the dominant school toward all dissenters in med- 
icine, in its menacing display of legal weapons, and the paraphernalia 
of war, has been that of a belligerent autocrat. Indeed it could only 
be expected that a system, towering as it were to the very heavens 
with its vast colossal proportions, and whose anchor was cast and firmly 


fixed in the very groundwork of society ; a system that boasts of its 
antiquity, that has grown arrogant from the possession of conscious 
power, whose interests were interwoven with almost all existing inte- 
rests, and whose influence extended through all grades and classes of 
society, and whose ubiquitous presence reached to all conditions of 
■[ife. I say it was only to be expected that such an institution would 
look with extreme jealousy upon the birth of all counter institutions, 
and that it should use every means in its power for their speedy dem- 
olition. In the case of Homoeopathy, which first saw the linrht in 
Germany, it was regarded by Allopathy as its natural and implacable 
foe. The established school felt that its tendency was antagonistic 
and subversive of its own power; and perhaps with a little gift of 
prophecy it foresaw its ultimate triumph. Still it afiected to believe 
that this new heresy could not survive its infancy. British and Amer- 
ican physicians hoped their peace of mind would never be disturbed 
by its presence, but that it might die and be buried in its father land. 
But as it showed great tenacity of life, and still persisted in living, 
despite the uncongenial atmosphere by which it was surrounded, and 
in defiance of the anathemas hurled against it by the high priests of 
the ancient doctrine, their lowering brows and frowiiing indignation 
became " terrible as an army with banners." But now, when it has 
become a vigorous youth, and has extended itself throughout the civ- 
ilized world, and flourished best where there is most civilization, their 
fear has faii'ly taken the alarm. 

The querest asks, What has this digression from the main subject 
to do with Medical Education ? I reply, to prove its necessity by 
showing the antipathy that exists, and the persistent warfare that is 
being carried on between two systems diametrically opposed to each 
other. The one goes into the contest with the prestige given it by 
age, and power, and popularity, and wealth, and uses as a weapon the 
strong prejudices peculiar to human nature. The other, like David 
as he went forth to slay the giant Goliath, goes to do battle with its 
enemy with but a sling and pebble; the sling is a law of Nature, im- 
mutable and eternal, and the pebble is successful practice. But what 
is its coat of mail, what is the cuirass with which it defends itself from 
the thrusts of its adversary, and constitutes at the same time the 
strength and skill with which it uses the sling in throwing the pebble? 
I answer, education. Both medical and general. In individual prac- 
tice his coat of mail must be perfect^ or through its open scams a dart 
may penetrate, to his complete discomfiture. He may rest assured 
that every individual adherent of the ancient system stands as a sen- 
tinel to watch his movement, and will contest, and circumvent, and 
demolish him, if possible ; less, perhaps, at present, by open enmity, 
than by duplicity and intrigue. The conviction of my own mind is, 
that in view of the active hostility of the opposing school, in view of 
the ceaseless vigilance of this argus-eyed institution, which is sure to 
detect every indication of ignorance, and which like Briarius with his 
hundred hands, can reach in every direction and grasp at every mis- 
take, it behooves us, from an instinct of self-preservation, to be " wise 


as serpents " and for the preservation of our patients to be "harmless 
as doves." 

The Homoeopathic physician, in his daily practice, may consider 
himself encircled by a multitude of spies, who have keen eyes fixed 
upon every movement. They see everything he does. He may be 
sure that every incorrect diagnosis, every mistaken prognosis, every 
mistake of whatever kind he may commit, will be instantly paraded 
before the public by this many-mouthed monster. Mistakes, perhaps 
trivial in themselves, yet in their passage from one to another swell 
into mammoth proportions. In another and more public way his 
knowledge may be put on trial, as when from some accidental death 
or death from poisoning, he may be required to give evidence in a 
tourt of law. He may then expect to be subjected to an examination 
the most rigorous and searching that Allopathists can prompt the 
counsel to make; less for the purpose of eliciting evidence in the case 
than for the purpose of exposing his ignorance. He may be sure that 
his knowledge of chemistry, toxicology, anatomy and physiology, will 
be tested to the very utmost of their ability, and woe betide him if 
they discover his weak points, for he is in the hands of a merciless 
inquisition. The reasons here given for a high degree of mental as 
well as medical culture, you will perceive spring from within us, and 
are partly the promptings of self-interest and of self-preservation, and 
partly from an inherent love of truth ; and while I think them sufiGi- 
cient to induce every member of the profession to aim at the highest 
point of excellence attainable, still we should not be forgetful of the 
fact that there are other and extraneous reasons— reasons which spring 
from without and beyond us, tending to the same high end. We can- 
not if we would shut our ears to these mandates from without. They 
are voices from society and from the world at large. They tell us that 
the people of to-day demand of us a greater perfection of knowledge, 
a higher and broader range of acquirements, than did our ancestors 
of thirty years ago. This demand arises from the changes which have 
taken place within that period of time. As witness the change in the 
inhabitants and in the face of the country. The " oldest inhabitant " 
can perhaps remember when primeval forests covered all this part of 
Canada ; when the very site of the fine city of London was a howling 
wilderness, — the hunting-ground of the painted savage. But what a 
change ! As if with the waving of a magician's wand the forest soli- 
tudes, and wild, red Indian, have disappeared together, the hunting- 
grounds have changed into fruitful fields and the wigwams into flour- 
ishing towns and cities. The half-naked prowling savage has given 
place to the well-dressed gentlemen and beautiful ladies who prome- 
nade the streets of this flourishing city. The seat of berbansm has 
become the home of civilization and refinement ! Education is becom- 
ing more general and runs in deeper channels. Academic and Col- 
legiate institutions are springing up in our midst, and arc rapidly 
changing the mental character of our people, and with each successive 
stage of development new wants are created and new demands are 
made. All these things demand of the physician a fullness of know- 
ledge, not only as pertaining to medicine proper, but a thoroughness 


in all the exact sciences wliicli a former generation did not require at 
his hands. I do not hesitate to express a belief that the advance which 
has been made in the last thirty years in all the arts of civilized life, 
and in the development and perfection of science, is not to be com- 
pared to what the next thirty years will witness. Some suppose now, 
as did tha ancients, that science is perfect, and that the inventive fac- 
ulty of the human mind has exhausted its resources, or that there is 
nothing more to invent. But those who think so will find themselves 
as much mistaken as did the people who lived and thought the same 
things before the days of steamboats, of railroads and electric wires. 
Why, the human mind is but just waking up to a realization of its 
marvellous powers. There are thousands of the best minds in the 
world that are silently but zealously engaged in the solution of new 
problems, and in the development of new principles of science. 
There are also thousands of adventurous spirits out upon voyages of 
discovery, pushing in every direction as if to ransack the world. 
They penetrate the thickest jungles of the torrid zone, and tempt the 
dangers of the polar seas. Thej' scale the highest mountain summits 
and descend into the deepest chasms in quest of whatever is rare or 
precious, or useful, in nature, and their returns will also contribute to 
swell the general stock of knowledge. 

In keeping with this spirit of progression we ought also to be 
pushing forward our inquiries and investigations into the " regions 
beyond." We ought not to settle down upon " similia similibus 
curantu?','" and think that knowing it there is nothing more to be 
learned. The great medical arsenal of Nature is not yet exhausted 
of its weapons with which to combat disease. There is a terra incog- 
nita which needs to be explored. Doubtless there are remedial agents 
in our fields and forests, among their flowers, and trees, and roots, of 
invaluable worth, if we but knew them and their uses. We might 
question ourselves in reference to the nature of disease as well. In 
reference to pathology, and the causes operative in changing and mod- 
ifying pathological manifestations, there is much of mystery and obscu- 
rity remaining to be cleared away by future investigation and research. 
As why are certain diseases peculiar to certain stages of life ? Why 
do adults never' have the croup ? And why are the external indica- 
tions of an inward abnormal condition ever varying, like the changing 
.views in a kaleidoscope ? Why does a storm herald its approach by 
aches and pains in rheumatic subjects when as yet no cloud is visible 
to the eye ? Fcbnle diseases of the remittent type, in England ame- 
nable to certain''%!niedies, frequently resist the same treatment as 
they appear in the littoral districts of France or upon the Irish coast. 
Intermittent fevers, which we readily cure in Canada by the use of 
certain means, will probably find those means a signal failure as the 
disease prevails along the Mississippi and some of its tributaries. Do 
climacteric changes, individual idiosyncracies, electrical changes in 
the state of the atmosphere, and climatology, sufficiently explain these 
phenomena ? 

But a matter of greater practical importance is indicated by the 
suggestion of Teste, viz : that those places most favorable to the 


growth of certain remedial plants, is also most favorable to the pro- 
duction of certain pathological conditions, which conditions will be 
found to correspond to the pathogenesis of those very drugs. 

The great object of all medical treatment is the prolongation of 
human life, and if a practical application of the principles of science 
contribute to this end, it follows that an increase of scientific know- 
ledge and an increased number of therapeutic agents would give to 
human life a greater security than it at present enjoys against the 
fatal issue of disease. The Homoeopathic system being most scien 
tific of all others, should afford this greater security. And undoubt- 
edly it docs. So says the London Life Assurance Co., and has deduced 
from its recognition of the fact an important practical result. By a 
system of calculation the most perfect, and by careful observation, it 
finds itself able to assure the lives of such persons as are Homocopath- 
ically treated, at a cheaper rate. This action of the Life Assurance 
Co. is most gratifying to every lover of Homoeopathy, as it affords the 
most incontestible evidence of the superiority of our system. If 
there are any faint-hearted or weak-kneed practitioners in the country 
let them gird up their loins and take courage, " for by this sign shall 
we conquer." Slowly, it may be, but surely, it will eventuate in the 
universal recognition of its superiority, as certainly as that ignorance 
must recede before the advance of education — as surely as that error 
must succumb to truth. 

There is another matter I may notice in connexion with medical 
education, which rather bears upon the moral qualities and responsi- 
bilities of the physician, and refers to his duty as a citizen, viz: to 
give whatever instruction he can to the people, that they may prevent 
the invasion of disease. He who withholds such informationr when it 
can he given, or neglects to advise the use of such prophylactic meas- 
ures as might save the community from the ravages of an infectious 
disease, for the sake of " filthy lucre," conspires against the lives of 
his neighbors, and is guilty, only in a lesser degree, of the monstrous 
—the shocking immorality of Blackburn — the other name for infamy. 
Not only in specific cases, but in a general way, people may be_ taught 
the laws which govern their organic life, the observance of which will 
insure health, and the infraction of which will produce disease. By 
teaching them the effect of hygromeric changes, of miasmatic- and 
telluric influences, wdiich impinge upon the laws of health from with- 
out, and of morbific agents, which produce disjj|^ons from within, 
the average duration of human life may attain i«piximum ; and the 
highest, noblest function of the physician's knowledge will have been 
performed. It should be as much a part of the physician's education 
to understand the prevention of diseases, as to treat them successfully 
when they prevail. 

In conclusion, I think we may congratulate ourselves upon the 
advancement Homoeopathy has already made in Canada, as well as 
upon the more rapid progress it is now making. Not a score of years 
have passed away since there were but one or two practitioners in this 
country, stru'^gling for existence. We should not forget to make hoa- 


orable mention of these pioneers of our system, for nobly did they 
battle for the truth in many a fierce encounter, firmly and successfully 
they defended their principles against the assaults of their ruthless 
enemies, and the graduates of to-day have reason to thank them for it. 
Homoeopathy is no longer a reproach. It has its admirers and patrons 
in the most refined and cultivated circles of society, among the best 
and noblest, and most highly educated in the land. 

A steady adherence to principles, firmness of purpose and an un- 
compromising integrity of character, that will not stoop from iti 
exalted position as the expounder of Nature's laws, to hold parley 
with empiricism, and make degrading and retrogressive concessions 
to Allopathy, are the characteristics necessary to insure a victory com- 

The following committees were then appointed, and subjects 
assigned for the nest regular meeting of ihe Association. The an- 
nual address to be delivered by the President, Dr. Field. 

On Publication — Drs. Springer and Allen. 

On Surgery — Principles and Practice — Dr. L. F. Crawford. 

On Surgery — Operation and Clinical — Dr. C.T. Oampbell. 

On Pathology — its importance to the homoeopathic physician— Dr. 
D. Campbell, of Toronto. 

On Obstetrics — Dr. J. J. Lancaster. 

On Clinical Medicine — Cases cured by one remedy — Dr. R. J. P. 

On Materia Medica and Therapeutics — Dr. Wn>. Springer. 

On Chemistry — Dr. J. W. Ferguson. 

Theory and Practice — Dr. John Hall. 

On Provings of Indigenous remedies — Dr. Thos. Nichol. 

On Dose— Dr. F. G. Caulton. 

On High Dilutions — Dr. E. Vernon. 

On the Single Remedy— Dr. G. F. Clark. 

On Medical Electricity — Dr. J. Adams. 

On Medical Ethics — Dr. Oliver Springer. 

On Physiology — Dr. G. E. Husband. 

On Medical Jurisprudence — Dr. Geo. Logan. 

On Alcoliolic Stimulants— Dr. Peter McDonald. 

On Homoeopathy — Drs. L. Oliver and C. D. Tufford. 

Ou Anatomy — Drs. A. H. Thompson and A. N. Tisdale. 

On Epidemics — Drs. M. E. Tripp and J. H. Lancaster. 

On Medical ]^^y— Drs. J. W. Tripp and W. H. Graham. 

On Toxicolo^^^Br. Havens. 

Dr. Springer m^Rd, seconded by Dr. Morden, that the nex' an- 
nual meeting of the Institute be held in the city of Hamilton, on the 
second Wednesday in May, 1866. Carried. 

A vote of thanks was then unanimously given the homoeopathic 
physicians of London, for the attention and hospitality shown the 
members of the Institute, during the session, after which the Institute 
adjourned. G. C. FIELD, 31. D., President. 

II. C, Allen, M. D., Secretary.